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British Railway Steam Locomotive

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Note: To Obtain Consistency in the Steam System, Shed Codes used are those Registered at Nationalisation on 1st January 1948
2nd Grouping Number
1st Grouping Numbersr 2417
2nd Pre Grouping Number
1st Pre Grouping Numberlbsc 417
Works/Lot Number
Class CodeE6
DesignerBillinton RJ
BuilderBrighton Works (SR/British Railways)
1948 Shed75C Norwood Junction
Last Shed75A Brighton
Disposal detailsEastleigh Works (B.R.)
DisposalCut Up
Disposal Date31/10/1963
NotesBrighton Works shunter

Class Information

The London, Brighton and South Coast Railway E6 Class is a class of 0-6-2T side tank steam locomotive designed by Robert Billinton. They were introduced in 1904 and were a development of the E5 class with smaller driving wheels and tapered chimney, intended for heavy short and medium-distance freight trains.

RJ Billinton's class E6 0-6-2 radial tank engine was introduced just before the first engine left Brighton Works, the month after his death on 7 November 1904. Very similar to his E5 class, they differed in having the steamchest under the cylinders, which were increased from 17 ins to 18 ins in diameter and were fitted with outside brake rods. The intention was to build the last two locomotives as 0-8-0 tanks for use at Willow Walk and Brighton Lower Yard but this plan was changed, most probably due to opposition from the Civil Engineer! N414 Piccadilly saw the end of the habit of naming Brighton locomotives, from 415 onwards they just carried numbers with a few exceptions, such as H1 Atlantic La France.

The E3 class radial tanks were useful on all but the heaviest freight trains in congested the London area, which required rapid acceleration from signals in order to avoid holding up other traffic. Robert Billinton therefore produced a version of his successful E5 passenger tank class with smaller 4 ft 6 in (1.372 m) driving wheels for this purpose. Twelve locomotives were built by Brighton Works between December 1904 and December 1905. The last two locomotives were originally intended to be built as 0-8-0s for heavy shunting purposes but Billinton died in November 1904 before any were built and the order was subsequently changed by his successor D. E. Marsh.

The E6s were successful goods locomotives, but in 1911 407 and 411 were rebuilt with the larger C3 class boiler and a C2X class smokebox, the latter sitting on a saddle, and were re-classified E6X in line with standard Brighton practice. These two locomotives proved to be very powerful, but used significantly more fuel and no more examples were rebuilt. All survived to see British Railways service, having spent their long careers shunting and working local goods traffic.

All of the class survived the transfer to Southern Railway ownership in 1923, and British Railways ownership in 1948. Withdrawal commenced in September 1957 and was completed by December 1962.

British Railways (BR) numbers were 32407-32418. The E6X locomotives were 32407 and 32411.

The engines retained their original form to the end, even to the Billinton tapered chimney.

The first loco withdrawn was 32412 in September 1957 from Bricklayers Arms shed.
The last three locos withdrawn were 32408, 32417 and 32418 in December 1962 from Eastleigh and Brighton (2) sheds respectively.
No examples have been preserved.

Technical Details

Power type : Steam
Designer : R. J. Billinton
Introduced : December 1904
Build date : 1904-1905
Total produced : 12 ; 2 rebuilt as E6X, total E6 to BR 10
Configuration : 0-6-2T
Gauge 4 ft 8 in (1,435 mm)
Driver wheel diameter : 4 ft 6 in (1.372 m)
Trailing Wheel : 4 ft
Locomotive weight : 61 tons 0 cwt
Fuel type : Coal
Boiler pressure : 160 or 175lb/sq in NS
Cylinders : Two (inside)
Cylinder size 18 in 26 in (457 mm 660 mm)
Valve Gear : Stephenson (slide valves)
Tractive effort : 21,215 lb or 23,205 lb
Power class : BR 3F
Withdrawn : 19571962
Disposition : All scrapped

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