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British Railway Steam Locomotive

Please read this statement on the accuracy of the data shown below

Note: To Obtain Consistency in the Steam System, Shed Codes used are those Registered at Nationalisation on 1st January 1948
2nd Grouping Number
1st Grouping Numbersr 2304
2nd Pre Grouping Number
1st Pre Grouping Numberlbsc 304
Works/Lot Number
Class CodeC3
DesignerMarsh DE
BuilderBrighton Works (SR/British Railways)
1948 Shed
Last Shed75C Norwood Junction
Disposal detailsEastleigh Works (B.R.)
DisposalCut Up
Disposal Date31/08/1936
NotesFirst of class to be withdrawn

Class Information

The London, Brighton and South Coast Railway C3 class was a class of 0-6-0 steam locomotives, intended for heavy freight trains. Ten were built by Brighton railway works in 1906 to the design of Douglas Earle Marsh. Marsh's C3 class 0-6-0 goods locomotive was, essentially, a R J Billinton design but
with the first example of the larger, 170lb, boiler thet Marsh used when rebuilding Mr Billinton's locomotives, though without the saddle that was used
with the rebuilt locomotives.

Some ten locomotives, the final series of LB&SCR main line goods engines, were built at Brighton between March and September 1906. The first five had 17½in x 26in cylinders whilst the second five were initially provided with ones of 18in x 26in, though these were later reduced to the same as the first five locomotives' cylinders. Originally provided with 3,112 gallon tenders, they were later fitted with smaller ones from the B2 class as those
locomotives were rebuilt to class B2x. From 1917 the R J Billinton style chimnies were replaced with Marsh's larger version and four locomotives were fitted with L Billinton's double domed boiler during 1920. As was frequently the case with small classes, they didn't last as long as their contemporaries in the larger classes, probably due to the higher number of "good" engines in the larger classes, and were considerably out-lived by the C2x class, though eight survived into early British Railways ownership. The C3 was known for running hot at speed, which also placed it at a disadvantage when compared with the C2x which could happily handle any heavy excursion train.

This class was intended to replace the smaller Robert Billinton C2 class 0-6-0 on the heaviest freight services. However, although they had an effective
boiler, their performance proved to be disappointing and the fuel consumption high. Rather than building any further examples Marsh preferred to rebuild
the existing locomotives into the C2X class. The members of the C3 class therefore spent their days on secondary freight trains in mid Sussex. Seven of
the class spent most of their lives at Horsham and as a result the class was nicknamed "Horsham Goods", although some called them "Marsh Goods".

The boiler designed by Marsh for the C3 class was later used with considerably more success on the SR Z class 0-8-0 of 1929.

All of the class passed to the Southern Railway in 1923, but the trade recession of the 1930s caused a decline in freight traffic resulting in the
withdrawal of two locomotives in 1936/7. However, the advent of the Second World War ensured that the remaining examples all survived until after the nationalisation of the railways to British Railways in 1948. The remaining locomotives in the class were all withdrawn between 1948 and 1952. No examples have been preserved.

Many of the class spent much of their days shedded at Horsham. One locomotive, No. 304, received a saddled and extended smokebox though there were rumours that she had been rebuilt with a circular smokebox, to be classified as C3x, but this did not happen and there was no C3x class.

The first loco withdrawn was 2304 in July 1936 from Norwood Junction shed.
The last loco withdrawn was 32302 January 1952 from Fratton (Portsmouth) shed.

Only four of the class acquired their BR numbers.

Technical Details

Power type : Steam
Designer : Douglas Earle Marsh
Builder : Brighton Works
Build date : 1906
Total produced : 10
Configuration : 0-6-0
Gauge : 4 ft 8½ in (1,435 mm)
Driver Wheel diameter : 5 ft 0 in (1.524 m)
Locomotive weight : Loco 47 tons 10 (101,400 lb/46.0 t) ; Tender 35 tons 15 cwt (some 37 tons 5 cwt)
Fuel type : Coal
Boiler pressure : 170lb/sq in NS (1.17 MPa)
Cylinders : Two, inside
Cylinder size : 17½ in Χ 26 in (445 mm Χ 660 mm) - * 305-309 originally fitted with 18in x 26 in cylinders
Valve Gear : Stephenson (slide valves)
Tractive effort : 19,175 lbf (85.3 kN) ; 305-309 originally 20,285 lbs
Career ; LBSCR - SR - BR
Power class : BR 2F
Number : LBSC: 300–309; SR: 2300–2309; BR: 32300–303/306–32309
Nicknames : Horsham Goods
Withdrawn : 1936–1952
Disposition : All scrapped

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