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British Railway History Item


Richard Edward Lloyd Maunsell

He was a pupil of Henry Ivatt at the Great Southern & Western of Ireland's Inchicore works. In 1891 he joined the Lancashire & Yorkshire Railway, gaining experience in workshops, drawing office and running sheds. In 1894 he became assistent locomotive superintendent, East India Railway before returning to Inchicore as works manager in 1896.

He was appointed Chief Mechanical Engineer, South Eastern & Chatham Railway in 1913, where he built up a design team by recruiting a number of young engineers from other companies including G.H. Pearson and Holcroft from the Great Western Railway Swindon works, and James Clayton from the Midland Railway, Derby, Works. Pearson was an ardent disciple of Churchward, and on his recommendation long-travel, long-lap valves had been adopted on the prototype Class N 2-6-0 tender and 2-6-4 tank locomotives built at Ashford Works in 1917. These locos had the Walschaerts valve gear, but one of the exciting early applications of the Churchward principle of valve gear design under Maunsell was the radically improved rebuilding of the Class E 4-4-0 passenger locomotives of the SE&CR with superheaters.

The team, with the addition of Lionel Lynes for carriage design, continued during Maunsell's spell as CME, Southern Railway, 1923-37. Oliver Bulleid became CME when he retired.

His locomotive and other designs included:

  • The former London & South Western Urie Class N15 4-6-0s were greatly improved as the famous King Arthur Class 4-6-0 to form standard types
  • The Schools Class three-cylinder 4-4-0s, which were very successful
  • Heavy four-cylinder 4-6-0 and 0-6-0 freight locomotives
  • The N15X 4-6-0s which were rebuilt from the ill-fated Billington Class L 4-6-4 Tanks.
  • Modern and comfortable main-line and electric multiple unit stock.

The capital demands of electrification restricted steam locomotive modernisation and the civil engineer rejecting his proposed four-cylinder 4-6-2 and three-cylinder 2-6-2 types.

Ashford and Eastleigh works were remodelled and line production methods introduced.

Last Updated : Saturday 10th December 2011 05:58

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